Help with this site
Select the following FAQs for tips on searching and using this site, and for more information about archives and this site.
- How do I navigate the site?
- How do I search for materials?
- Tips on forming searches
- How do I narrow my search results?
- How do I request materials?
- Anatomy of a collection record page
- Which types of materials and collections are included in this site?
- What is an archival collection?
- Is this the same as the Archival Center?
- How can I use BPL's finding aids, description, and metadata?
- Statement on Harmful Description
- Glossary of Terms and Symbols
What if I have questions? Where can I find more help with this site?
For questions about our collections, help navigating BPL finding aids, or to suggest changes to our descriptions, you can contact us directly.
How do I search for materials?
Begin a basic search by entering your search terms in the search bar. You can access the search bar from the home page or by clicking on the magnifying glass in the top menu.
- You may limit the search by record type, searchable fields, and/or by entering a date or date range.
- You'll get the most results by selecting "Search all record types". This will return results for collections, components within collections like series and files, links to digitized materials, and subject headings and names.
Unless you know the name of the collection or item you are looking for, its best to start with a search set to “search all record types” by “keyword”, then narrow down your search results from the search results page.
The searchable fields are:
- Keyword: Searches the entire text of finding aids (collection descriptions). This includes items in the collection, but also the descriptions on the collection page, subjects, and names.
- Title: Searches titles of the materials described, including collection records and series and files within collections. If you know the precise title of the thing you’re looking for, searching by title can be very helpful.
- Collection Creator: Searches names of the persons, families, and organizations who created the collections. Please note that limiting by “Creator” will primarily search only creators of collections as a whole, not individual records or items within collections. Most creators are connected only at the collection-level and not at series or file level records. Creators of series and file level records are usually included in the series or file title so a “keyword” or “title” search will be most effective for finding letters or manuscripts by individuals.
- Subject: Searches by subject headings assigned to materials by archivists and librarians, e.g. "Boston”.
- Call Number: Searches by identifier, which is a unique number by which materials are tracked and requested. Call numbers may change over time but are usually recorded somewhere in the record. If you know the call number, and limiting by call number, doesn’t work, try entering the call number in a “Keyword” search.
Record types allow you to customize the type of records you want a search to return:
- Limit to collections will only return records for complete collections, rather than people, subjects, series, and files.
You may select a date span to limit the search results chronologically. Searching by date is approximate, and results may fall outside the date span you enter. For example, if you search for records between 1900 and 1950, your results will likely show collections and series with broader date ranges, such as a result with a date span of 1800-1970 since that date range includes the years 1900-1950.
If a date range search doesn’t work as expected (no results), try your search again without dates.
You may construct a more complex search by selecting the “+” icon and adding additional search terms.Back to top
Tips on forming searches
- Searches are not case sensitive.
- You may search for phrases by including quotation marks (e.g. “City of Boston”)
- You may add OR and NOT to change search behavior (e.g. Adams NOT Ralph or Architecture OR Arts).
- You may add a tilde (~) to search for search terms within a specified number of words of one another (e.g. “Filene’s month”~4 will return results where the term Filene’s occurs within 4 words of the term month).
- “Wildcard” symbols ? and * help return a greater number of relevant results by searching for variant spellings and forms of search terms simultaneously.
- ? replaces a single letter in a search term (e.g. searching wom?n will return both women and woman, and searching archiv? will return both archive and archivy)
- * replaces any number of letters at the end of a search term (e.g. searching letter* will return letter, letters, lettering, and lettered)
- ? and * may not be used as the first character of a word.
How can I narrow my search results?
Once you’ve done a search and are on the search results page, you can use the filter pane on the right side of the page to further limit and customize search results.
You may use the filter pane to filter by:
- Record type: Allows you to filter results so you see only a certain database record type. This can be helpful to narrow down a large number of search results. Try starting by filtering search results for “Collections”. This should give you a sense of how many collections are relevant. You may see that most results are all in one collection.
- Collection: See only the collection-level records containing your search terms
- Archival records: Limited results to components within collections like series, files, or items, excluding the collection-level record
- Digital Record: Links to digitized materials from archival collections in Digital Commonwealth or Internet Archive that contain your search term in the title field
- Subjects: Subject headings containing your search term
- Person, Organization or Family: Names of persons, organizations, or families that are linked to records
- Subject: Filters search results for records linked to specific subject terms
- Language: Filters search results to collections with content in a certain language
- Names: Filters search results for records linked to specific names
You may also use the search bar at the top of the filter pane to create additional searches within the search results.Back to top
How do I request materials?
To view archival collections in person, please place a request to view materials in the reading room. Archives can’t be checked out of the library like circulating collections. Since it may take some time to prepare your request, it’s best to make an appointment ahead of time by requesting materials through this site. Anyone can make an appointment to view collections in the reading room.
Please note that the Special Collections Reading Room is currently closed for renovations until 2022. Until then, collections are unavailable for in-person research. Once the Special Collections reading room is open for research, materials will be requestable from this site.
Collections at the Leventhal Map & Education Center and in some of the research collections are still available for patron access; please contact these departments for more information.
To request materials from a collection, select the request button at the top of the page.
The request button will only be visible when an item is requestable.
Tip: When you do not see the request button, it may be because you need to navigate to a lower level of description to request something. For example, the Correspondence series for a collection will not show a button. See what is nested below this series by clicking on the “+” next to the series title in “Navigate the Collection”. Try clicking on something nested within the series to request.
Please note that although the system allows requesting at the item level, you do not need to place multiple requests for items within the same box.Back to top
Anatomy of a collection record page
The top of each collection page includes the title of the collection (1) followed by call number for the collection (2).
Under the title and call number, you will see breadcrumbs (3) that help you orient yourself in each record page. These breadcrumbs are also visible at lower levels of description on series, sub-series, and file pages. Breadcrumbs are a great way to help you figure out where you are in the collection and navigate back up through a collection organization.
Tip: On pages for series, sub-series, files, and items within collections, you will always see the title and call number, and the breadcrumbs, in the same place at the top the page. Next to the call number, you’ll also see box and folder information.
Under the breadcrumbs, you have the option of three different views for collection description (4). From left to right, the views are:
- Collection Overview: A descriptive overview of the collection as a whole. Here you will find top-level collection information, similar to what you might see in a catalog record. You will see the different types of finding aid notes, including scope and contents (collection description), biographical or historical notes about the creator, dates and languages, and information about access and the size of the collection (number of boxes).
- Full Collection View: You’ll see a dynamic scrollable view of the full collection, including the inventory of collection contents. This view includes only abbreviated notes for each item in the collection. Click on the item link for a complete view of each one or to place a request.
- Box List: Shows a list of all the boxes or containers storing this collection. You may see just one box listed or even over 100 boxes! Clicking on each box link will give you a list of the contents of each box. This is helpful if you are following a citation or note that only includes a box and folder number, not an item title.
At the top right of the page, you will see buttons for actions (5). From here you can:
- See a complete citation for the collection or item
- Download a printable PDF finding aid
- Request materials by scheduling a reading room visit
On the right side of the page, you will see the Navigate the Collection menu (6) which shows you a dynamic interactive inventory of the collection.
- You can open (+) and collapse (-) each section of the collection to see what is nested inside each series or subseries. These sections open automatically as you navigate to lower levels of description.
- This is a great way to jump around to different places in the collection and place requests.
- You can also find items within the collection by entering search terms and/or dates into the “Search collection” search bar at the top of this section.
You can expand the Navigate the Collection (7) section by clicking and dragging the re-size bar at the left of the section. This may be helpful for reading longer file titles. It will revert to a default size when you navigate to a new page.
In the “Collection Overview” view, the center of the page contains important descriptive information (8) about the collection, starting with the most important information like a summary of contents and collection dates, extent (size and number of boxes), and information about access and restrictions.
Additional description can be found below in expandable labeled sections. You’ll find important contextual information here about how we organized the collection and how it came to the library. You will also find some administrative information about this finding aid which tells you a bit more about how archivists create finding aids. You can collapse or expand each section by clicking on the section title.
Which types of materials and collections are included in this site?
This site provides access to descriptions for BPL's archival collections, uncatalogued acquisitions, and some collections of prints, photographs, and manuscripts.
This site does not include all archival materials at BPL. Materials not included here are:
- Small collections and single item manuscripts (such as individual diaries, letters, and documents). These are cataloged in our online research catalog.
- Non-archival collections such as rare books, manuscripts, maps, and music are described in the research catalog or in BPL’s digitized card catalogs.
- Some unprocessed or uncatalogued collections have a brief description on this site but many do not.
We have expansive collections and are acquiring new material all the time. It takes time for staff to describe materials and make them accessible for users. Our work to describe materials in our catalogs in ongoing. Consult the appropriate curator for questions about uncatalogued collections.Back to top
Is this the same as the Archival Center?
Great question! No, this not the same as the Archival Center. The Archival Center refers to the Boston Public Library City of Boston Archival Center, an off-site library storage facility where some less frequently used circulating collections are stored. To request access to books, periodicals, and other circulating materials listed in Bibliocommons with an “Archival Center” location, e-mail the library at email@example.com.Back to top
How can I use BPL's finding aids, description, and metadata?
Boston Public Library finding aids, metadata, and descriptions of persons, families, and organizations are licensed under a Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication. This means that anyone may copy, modify, and distribute this descriptive metadata (information that describes our collections) without asking permission. Please cite Boston Public Library when using our metadata and description to help others find the original records and the collections they represent. This license does not include any images, documents, or other content linked to, or referenced by, these descriptions.
We ask that you follow these guidelines and practices:
- Contribute your suggestions and improvements to help us make our description better.
- Do not mislead others or misrepresent the finding aids or their sources. Please don’t use this data in a way that suggests you have any official status or that we endorse you or your use of the metadata.
- Conform to laws and other regulations in your jurisdiction, especially concerning defamation and copyright.
- Understand that our finding aid descriptions are provided as-is, and not all of our descriptions have been reviewed for completeness or accuracy.
Statement on Harmful Description
BPL finding aids describe historical materials that reflect the attitudes, ideas, and norms of the time periods and cultures in which they were created and may include direct quotations or detailed descriptions of original documents that use inappropriate or harmful language. While the BPL strives for equitable and inclusive description, we recognize that this has not always been the case. Legacy finding aids may reflect the time periods in which they were created and the biases of the people who created them. These finding aids are available online because the access that they provide to primary source materials is uniquely valuable to the research community at large.
Our efforts to repair outdated descriptions and to describe our collections in an equitable way are iterative and ongoing.Back to top